In his cultural and cinematic analysis of Fatih Akin’s Head-On (Gegen die Wand), Stephen Brockmann writes that “Germany–in spite of postwar immigration by millions of ethnic Turks, Italians, and Greeks, among others initially for the purpose of filling a severe labor shortage–has not seen itself as Einwanderungsland (country of immigration)” (Brockmann). This phenomenon is best understood via the history of, specifically Turkish, immigration to Germany since the 1960s. In the last 60 years, Germany has seen a substantial influx of Turkish immigrants and asylum seekers, eventually making Turkish people, Turkish Germans, or those with a Turkish background, the largest minority group in Germany. Initially, many Turkish migrants came to Germany under contract as Gastarbeiter (guest workers). Their residence was deemed temporary and a path to citizenship or permanent residence was not envisioned or, to a certain degree, possible. The Gastarbeiter, mainly unmarried Turkish men, were expected to acquire technical skills, complete two years of labor, and return to their home country to contribute to its development with said acquired skills. These conditions were agreed upon by German and Turkish officials to benefit both countries and to deter permanent immigration to Germany by the Gastarbeiter (Prevezanos). However, as the two-year contracts were deemed too short and cost-intensive due to travel and training expenses for the responsible countries, the length of stay was extended and, for the first time, allowed for the accompaniment of family members (Prevezanos).